Introduction to ICT in Kenya
The letters ICT in Kenya are used everywhere especially in education. But what does it mean? There is not a universally accepted definition of ICT in Kenya. Why? Because the concepts, methods and applications involved in ICT in Kenya are constantly evolving on an almost daily basis. This is one of the challenges mentioned in Business Training in Kenya
ICT in Kenya is an acronym that stands for Information Communications Technology in Kenya.
ICT in Kenya covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. For example, personal computers, digital television, email, robots.
So ICT in Kenya is concerned with the storage, retrieval, manipulation, transmission or receipt of digital data. Importantly, it is also concerned with the way these different uses can work with each other.
In business, ICT in Kenya is often categorised into two broad types of product:
- The traditional computer-based technologies -things you can typically do on a personal computer or using computers at home or at work.
- Digital communication technologies – which is the more recent, and fast-growing range that enables people and organisations to communicate and share information digitally.
These two products of ICT in Kenya include can be elaborated more through their different
|Word processing||E.g. Microsoft Word: Write letters, reports etc|
|Spreadsheets||E.g. Microsoft Excel; Analyse financial information; calculations; create forecasting models etc|
|Database software||E.g. Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, Access; Managing data in many forms, from basic lists (e.g. customer contacts through to complex material (e.g. catalogue)|
|Presentation software||E.g. Microsoft PowerPoint; make presentations, either directly using a computer screen or data projector. Publish in digital format via email or over the Internet|
|Desktop publishing||E.g. Adobe In design, Quark Express, Microsoft Publisher; produce newsletters, magazines and other complex documents.|
|Graphics software||E.g. Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator; Macromedia Freehand and Fireworks; create and edit images such as logos, drawings or pictures for use in DTP, web sites or other publications|
|Accounting package||E.g. Sage, Oracle; Manage an organisation’s accounts including revenues/sales, purchases, bank accounts etc. A wide range of systems is available ranging from basic packages suitable for small businesses through to sophisticated ones aimed at multinational companies.|
|Computer Aided Design||Computer Aided Design (CAD) is the use of computers to assist the design process. Specialised CAD programs exist for many types of design: architectural, engineering, electronics, roadways|
|Customer Relations Management (CRM)||Software that allows businesses to better understand their customers by collecting and analysing data on them such as their product preferences, buying habits etc. Often linked to software applications that run call centres and loyalty cards for example.|
applications and their uses:
The technologies involved in communication tend to be complex. However, there are aspects of digital communications that you need to be aware of. These relate primarily to the types of network and the ways of connecting to the Internet.
Types of Networks of ICT in Kenya
Usually referred to as a local area network (LAN), this involves linking a number of hardware items (input and output devices plus computer processing) together within an office or building.
The aim of a LAN is to be able to share hardware facilities such as printers or scanners, software applications and data. This type of network is invaluable in the office environment where colleagues need to have access to common data or programmes.
This is often referred to as Wide Area Network (WAN). Often you need to communicate with someone outside your internal network; in this case you will need to be part of this external network. The Internet is the ultimate WAN – it is a vast network of networks.
Factors that consider the way ICT in Kenya is used.
- The nature of information
- Management of information
- Information systems strategy
The nature of information
This covers topics such as the meaning and value of information; how information is controlled; the limitations of ICT; legal considerations
Management of information
This covers how data is captured, verified and stored for effective use; the manipulation, processing and distribution of information; keeping information secure; designing networks to share information
Information systems strategy
This considers how ICT Kenya can be used within a business or organisation as part of achieving goals and objectives
Conclusion and Recommendations on ICT in Kenya
ICT in Kenya is a broad and fast-changing subject thus it needs to be embraced with a lot of enthusiasm.
Research and development institutions that are publicly funded should be encouraged to target the technology needs of ICT in Kenya.
There is need for a supportive policy to encourage the establishment of documentation centres and information networks to provide information to this technology.
The Government should come up with training centres for training ICT in Kenya.
The Public sector and formal financial organisations should be sensitized on the advantages of embracing ICT in Kenya. All this will help boost ICT in Kenya.