Who is at risk for getting HIV and AIDS?
A – A person of any age, sex, race, ethnic group, religion, economic background, or Sexual orientation can get HIV. Those who are most at risk are:
• People who have “unprotected sex” with others are in the risk of getting HIV and AIDS. Unprotected sex includes vaginal, anal, and oral sex without using a condom.
• People who share needles, syringes, or other equipment to inject drugs, steroids, or even vitamins or medicine with someone who has HIV and AIDS are in the risk of getting HIV and AIDS.
• Babies can potentially become infected during their sexual orientation during mothers’ pregnancy, during delivery, or after birth can get HIV and AIDS in the immediate post-partum period. They can also become infected with HIV and AIDS through breastfeeding.
• Health care and maintenance workers who may be exposed to blood and/or body fluids at work sometimes get infected with HIV and AIDS through on-the-job exposures like needle-stick injuries. N/B: You can only get HIV if infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk gets into your body
Q – How long can people live with HIV and AIDS?
A – Medicines that fight HIV and AIDS have helped many people with HIV and AIDS live for years and even decades longer than was possible in the past, before effective treatment was available. HIV treatments are not a cure, and they do not work equally well for everyone, but they have extended the lives of many people with HIV and AIDS. .
Q – Can I get a vaccine to prevent HIV infection or AIDS?
A – No. There is no vaccine to prevent HIV infection. Researchers are working to develop a vaccine. Vaccines in development are being tested to find out if they work.
Q – Is there a cure for HIV and AIDS?
A – No. There is no cure for HIV and AIDS. However, there are medicines that fight HIV and help people with HIV and AIDS live longer, healthier lives.
Q – How many people are living with HIV and AIDS?
A – According to the United Nations organization UNAIDS, as of 2003 there were an estimated 40 million persons living with HIV and AIDS worldwide. Of these, 37 million were adults, and 2.5 million were under age 15. The overwhelming majority of persons with HIV and AIDS live in resource-poor countries.
Q – Is it easy to get HIV and AIDS?
A – No. HIV is not like the flu or a cold. It is not passed through casual contact or by being near a person who is infected.
Q – How is HIV and AIDS spread during anal sex?
A – Unprotected anal sex with a person who has HIV or whose HIV status you do not know is the highest-risk sexual activity for both men and women. The walls of the anus and rectum are thin and have many blood vessels that can be injured during anal sex. HIV-infected semen can be easily absorbed through these thin walls and into the bloodstream. Injured tissue in the anus and rectum can expose the penis to blood containing HIV.
Q – How is HIV and AIDS spread during oral sex?
A – Although oral sex is less risky than anal or vaginal sex, it is possible to get HIV by performing oral sex on an HIV-infected partner. HIV transmission could potentially occur if blood, pre-ejaculation fluid, semen, or vaginal fluids enter open sores or cuts in or around the mouth, such as those caused by canker sores or blisters, vigorous teeth brushing or losing, or some form of trauma. Using a latex barrier, like a condom or dental dam, reduces your risk of HIV infection
Complex Questions on HIV And AIDS
Q – Does having a sexually transmitted disease (STD) affect my risk of getting HIV and AIDS?
A – Yes. Having an STD, especially herpes or syphilis sores, increases your risk of getting HIV and giving HIV to a partner. Other STDs, like gonorrhea or Chlamydia, also increase your risk of becoming infected with HIV and AIDS.
Q – Are women who have sex with women at risk for HIV and AIDS infection?
A – Woman-to-woman sexual transmission of HIV is rare, but it is possible. Women who have sex with women are at risk for HIV infection if they share needles to inject drugs or if they have unprotected sexual contact that results in blood-to-blood exposure. Women who have sex with women can reduce their risk of getting HIV and AIDS by:
• Not injecting drugs, or by not sharing needles, syringes, or works if they do use drugs and
• Using a dental dam (a thin, square piece of latex), a non-lubricated condom that is cut open, or a plastic wrap as a barrier during oral sex.
Q – Can a person with HIV who has an undetectable viral load pass HIV and AIDS to someone else?
A – Yes. A viral load test measures the amount of HIV in a person’s blood. An undetectable viral load means that the amount of virus in a person’s blood is too low for the test to measure. It does not mean that there is no HIV in the person’s body. A person who has a low or undetectable viral load can pass HIV to someone else, although the risk is probably lower than if he or she had a high viral load.
Q – Can I get HIV from a human bite?
A – It is very unlikely that a person would get HIV from a human bite. HIV and AIDS can only be passed in this manner through direct blood-to-blood contact and not by exchanging saliva. To pass the virus, the infected person would need to have blood in his or her mouth and break the skin of the other person.
The break in the skin of the uninfected person could allow infected blood to enter his or her bloodstream. If a person who does not have HIV bites and breaks the skin of a person with HIV, transmission of the virus could only occur if the uninfected person has open sores or cuts in the mouth that allow for blood-to-blood contact.
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Conclusion on HIV and AIDS
HIV and AIDS is not a disease to joke with, or experiment.HIV and AIDS is deadly.