Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition (Text Revision) [Paperback]
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR fourth edition was first published in 1994 and was revised in 2000. It is published by American psychiatric association (corporate author). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR fourth edition also referred as DSM-IV TR.
DSM-IV TR covers all types of mental health disorders for both children and adults. It is used by clinicians and psychiatrists to diagnose and treat psychiatric illness. Business Training in Kenya gives an overview of Business Review Kenya
Psychiatrists and clinicians use DSM-IV-TR to diagnose illness or disorders. A DSM-IV-TR diagnosis is divided into five parts and each part is known as an Axis. Every Axis gives information on different types of disorders, such as;
In Axis I it handles clinical disorders, learning disorder and mental disorders. Some common Axis I disorders include psychotic disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, mood disorders, ADHD, schizophrenia, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and autism spectrum disorders.
Axis II deals with personality disorders and mental retardation. The Common Axis II disorders include personality disorders: schizotypal personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder; and intellectual disabilities.
In this Axis general medical conditions, which include brain injury and medical or physical disorders. These diseases or disorders may severely affect the patient’s mood or functioning. These disorders may aggravate other diseases or the symptoms of the present disorder.
The disorders in this Axis may be contributed by psychosocial and environmental problems. These include conditions influence the diagnosis, treatment, or prognosis of the mental disorder.
Here are some problems categories as listed by DSM-IV-TR: social environment problems, family problems, economic problems, educational problems, occupational problems, housing problems, health care access problems and war or disaster problems.
In this axis it helps the doctor to rate the patient general level of functioning, which assists in creating a treatment plan. There two major scales namely the Children’s Global Assessment Scale and the Global assessment of functioning scale. The Global assessment of functioning (GAF) Scale is categorized into three scales, such as the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS), the Global Assessment of Relational Functioning (GARF) Scale and the Defensive Functioning Scale.
Depression Diagnosis Using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition
People from all over the world may suffer from depression; depression causes a lot of problems today. The most dangerous types of depression are major, clinical and chronic depressions.
Here are steps used by DSM-IV-TR to diagnose depression
Depressed mood during the day and nearly every day, which can be irritable in children and adolescent.
There is social withdrawal or loss of interest or pleasure in all activities.
There might be significant weight gain or loss or increase or decrease in appetite.
There might be poor concentration and inability to make decisions.
The patient may suffer from insomnia (less sleep) or hypersomnia (too much sleep).
The patient may have suicidal intentions.
Features of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Fourth Edition
The purpose for DSM-IV-TR is to provide helpful guide to clinical practice, to facilitate research and improve communication among clinicians and researchers and to serve as an educational tool for teaching psychopathology.
This book has 943 pages, it weighs 3.3 pounds and it’s written in English and was published in 2000.It is also available in Palm OS and Pocket PC handhelds.
The Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR fourth edition is important for researchers and students.
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