Bachelor of Science in computer science is a degree program which is designed to teach students about computer systems architecture, operating systems, and other related areas. Applicants in Bachelor of Science in computer science should have a strong interest in the field mostly in computer technology and have strong math and problem solving skills. Bachelor of Science in computer science students have the opportunity to learn about the software engineering process, operating systems, and networking. The curriculum also covers topics such as data structures, and algorithm whereby the students are required to demonstrate programming knowledge in at least one language in Bachelor of Science in computer science.Read more articles in Business Training in Kenya.
To complete the Bachelor of Science in computer science degree program, general education courses as well as core courses are also required. Admissions for the Bachelor of science in computer science degree programs include a solid background in mathematics mostly in algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus for easier problem solving also in science in biology, chemistry, and physics, and courses in English, social studies, humanities, and computer and information technology. Bachelor of Science in computer science degree programs is typically designed to last 4 years in most institution and colleges.
There are more than 80 percentages of the known university and colleges that offer the degree program of Bachelor of Science in computer science. Due to the high growth in word of information and technology, most of the lower teaching institutions are beginning to offer the Bachelor of Science in computer science. The Bachelor of Science degree program and course requirements are subject to change and differ according to the selected campuses that it is offered.
Topic Covered in Bachelor of Science in Computer Science
Teleology in The Teleology Theory is mapped from two Greek words; ‘Teleos, meaning ‘the end result’ and ‘Logos’ which means theory/discourse/science in The Teleology Theory. Teleology in The Teleology Theory therefore means the science of theory.
Teleological theories are therefore theories that assert that the rightness or wrongness of an act, rule or policy depends on the results or consequences. There are two types of teleological theories in Teleological Theories and Ethics:-
- Ethical egoism
Ethical Egoism in the Teleology Theory
This is of the view that a person should act in a way to maximize his/her own good/benefit. According to Mappes, ethical egoism in The Teleology Theory states that ‘a person ought to act so as to promote his/her own self interest.’ An act in The Teleology Theory is therefore morally right when, compared to an alternative; its consequences are such as to generate the greatest balance of good over evil for that particular moral agent.
In The Teleology Theory, acting ethically requires that human beings act in their own selfish interest and maximize the benefit for themselves. Ethical egoism in The Teleology Theory is said to be derived from the nature of human beings, i.e. human beings are naturally selfish. According to Frankena, psychological egoism in The Teleology Theory states that ‘human beings are by nature selfish and are only interested in their own good.
The problem we have with ethical egoism in The Teleology Theory is that it tends to go against the spirit of morality, that is, to do away with selfishness.
Industrial Relations in Kenya refer to the regulations that occur in the relationship that exist between an employer and an employee in an organization. It is the study of how employees, employers and the government relate and make decisions which define and shape the employment relationship between employer and employees. Business Training in Kenya has more information on Kenya
Significance of Industrial Relations in Kenya
One of the importance’s of Industrial Relations in Kenya is that it eases supervision work among the employers.
Good relations create a good working environment among the employees.
Government Involvement in Industrial Relations in Kenya increases productivity of employees and ensures the work will be done well.
It helps both employees and employers know what procedures to follow when there is grievances and conflict
Industrial Relations in Kenya enhances the welfare and safeguards the interest of both employers and employers i.e. salaries, compensation.
Government Involvement in Industrial Relations in Kenya helps in economic progress of a country.
It also leads to smooth collective bargaining in case of dispute solving.
Government Involvement in Industrial Relations in Kenya helps the government in framing and implementing labor laws.
The Collapse of Buildings in Kenya is no longer a new or strange occurrence. I feel sad that rescue operations to save the lives of 14 Kenyans buried under the rubble of what was a 6 storey flat at Pipeline Estate in Nairobi’s Embakasi suburb have just been halted. This is not the first, and hopefully the last building to collapse. In the last couple of years or so, the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya has been all over the place. Business Training in Kenya has more articles
Some of these include a building in Kisii which collapsed in January 2009, one Kiambu in October 2009 and the infamous Kehonge building on River road which collapsed on 26th January 2006, among many others. All the above incidences of Collapse of Buildings in Kenya have resulted to loss of lives and property, but the question that begs many answers is why do these buildings collapse, and how the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya will be brought to an end.
A number of reasons have been given to explain the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya and these include reasons like the concrete mix ratio was not right, there was not enough planking and strutting in place to uphold excavations in place, the column spacing was too wide, the reinforcement was not adequate, the slenderness ratio was too high, the contractor was cost cutting by changing recommended concrete mix or reducing the amount of reinforcement recommended, addition of illegal structures to approved plans and a multitude of other reasons are amongst are what is fronted for these Collapse of Buildings in Kenya.
All the above reasons for the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya do nothing to endear the construction industry to the public. They only spell of negligence, lack of supervision, not adhering to recommended and approved plans and specifications. This ultimately reeks of a general lack of seriousness in the industry for first of all allowing such practices to occur in the first place and then, for continuing to let them happen.
From engineering perspective, buildings, like all structures, are designed to support certain loads without deforming excessively. The loads are the weights of people, wind, snow, rain and other objects occupying the structure referred to as live weight, and the weight of the building itself , also referred to as dead weight.
Structural engineers are responsible for engineering design, analysis of the weights and the integrity of the entire structural system of the building. However, buildings are susceptible to catastrophic collapse due to many causes as summarized below.
Common Reasons for the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya
Poor Structural design: – the structural engineer may make errors in computation, and fail to take into account the loads the structure will be called upon to carry and thus cause the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya. He may also adopt erroneous theories and rely on inaccurate data, ignore the effects of repeated or impulsive stresses, and make improper choice of materials to be used during construction. The engineer is responsible for these failures, which are created at the drawing board.
Faulty construction and poor workmanship: – This is usually the most important cause of Collapse of Buildings in Kenya. The engineer or the supervisors on site are also at fault here, if inspection has been lax. This includes the use of poor quality of sand and aggregates to make concrete, non adherence to the mix design, lack of quality control of the work, substitution of inferior steel for that specified, inadequate curing of concrete and other practices well known to the construction worker that cause the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya.
Foundation Failure: – Even an excellently designed and constructed structure will not stand on a bad foundation. Although the structure will carry its weights, the earth beneath it may not. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a famous example of bad foundations. Detailed geotechnical investigation should be undertaken by the Engineer to determine the design parameters the structure’s foundation and avoid the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya.
Extraordinary weights: – These are often natural, such as repeated heavy snowfalls, or the shaking of an earthquake, or the winds of a hurricane. A building that is intended to stand for some years should be designed to withstand these challenges. A flimsy flexible structure may avoid destruction in an earthquake, while a solid masonry building would be destroyed. Earthquakes are not a common occurrence in Kenya and thus not a major cause of Collapse of Buildings in Kenya, but they cause foundation problems when moist filled land liquefies.
Unexpected modes of failure: – This is yet another reason that causes the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya. This is the hardest category to deal with as it is indeed unexpected. For any structure constructed, there are properties that are unique and affect it in its own way. Until all these properties are assessed and understood they remain unexpected and fall under the unexpected failure modes if they do lead to the Collapse of Buildings in Kenya. Finally a building could collapse due to more than one of the above reasons hence a Combination of causes.
Conclusion on Collapse of Buildings in Kenya
Since other buildings have defied age and stand to date with their dates of construction far before our grandparents, all the causes of Collapse of Buildings in Kenya are avoidable.